A Short History of Technical Education –Book References/Other Publications

This entry is part 19 of 20 in the series A Short History of Technical Education

The following set of book references and other useful references has been useful whilst writing the history of technical and vocational education and compiling the chronology and glossary. Many are out of print but most can be obtained via inter-library loan, via internet book companies or from second hand bookshops. In addition I have started adding seminal and important articles from various journals and other publications.  I have added ISBN/ASIN numbers when known some of these relate to later editions of the books. I hope the list proves of value to the readers. A key to the abbreviations used is given at the end of the list.

Corrected and expanded  July 2018.


Abbot. A.  ‘Education for Industry and Commerce in England.’ OUP.  1933.

Abbot. A and Dalton. J. E. ‘Trade Schools on the Continent.’ Pamphlet no. 97. BoE.

Abbott. I. Education Policy. ISBN 10:0857025775. Sage Publishing. 2012.

Abramson. M, Bird. and Stennett. A. ‘Further and Higher Education Partnerships’. ISBN 0-335-19597-0. SRHE/OU. 1996.

Acland. A. H. D. and Jones. B. ‘Working-men Co-operators.’ Longmans. 1919.

Acland. T. D. ‘Some Account of the Origin and Objects of the New Oxford Examinations for the Title of Associate in Arts and Certificates for the Year 1858.’ Ridgeway, London. 1858.Acland. A. H. D. ‘The Working of the Intermediate Act in Wales.’ Percival and Co. 1892.
Adamson. J.W. ‘A Short History of Education.’ CUP. 1919.
Adamson. J. W. ‘ English Education, 1789 – 1902.’  CUP. 1930.

Addy. J and Power. E.G. ‘The Industrial Revolution’. London. Longman. 1976.

Aldcroft. D. H. ‘Education, Training and Economic Performance.’ MUP. 1992.

Aldcroft. D. H. (Ed). ‘The Development of British Industries. Foreign Competition 1874-1914’. Allen Unwin. 1958.
Aldrich. R. (ed).  ‘A Century of Education.’ ISBN 0-415-24323-8. Routledge. Falmer Press. 2002.

Aldrich. R. ‘The Institute of Education 1902-2002: A Centenary History’. IoE. London. 2002.

Aldrich. R. ‘Pioneers of Female Education in Victoria Britain.’ History of Education Society. Vol. 54. pages 56-61. 1994.
Alexander. W.P. ‘Education in England – The National System-How It Works.’  ASIN B007ZIS1HE. Newnes Educational Publisjhing Co. 1956.
Allaway. A. J, ‘Adult Education in England’. University of Leicester. 1957.

Allbutt. T.C. ‘On Professional Education.’ Macmillan and Co. 1906.
Allen. G. C. ‘British Industries and their Organization.’  ISBN 10:0582480019. Longmans. 1966.

Allen. R. C. The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective. ISBN 978-0-521-86827-3. CUP. 2009. 9th printing 2015.

Allen. G. C. ‘The British Disease.’ Institute of Economic Affairs. 1976.
Ainley. P and Corney. M.  ‘Training for the Future. The Rise and  Fall of the MSC.’  ISBN 10:0304318612. Cassell. 1990.
Ainley. P. ‘Vocational Education and Training.’ Cassell. 1990.
Ainley. P. ‘Learning Policy Towards the Certified Society.’  ISBN 0 333-75034-9 Macmillan 1999.
Ainley. P. and Rainbird. H. (eds).  ‘Apprenticeship: Towards a New Paradigm of Vocational Education and Training.’  ISBN 10:0749427280. Kogan Page. 1999.

Ainley. P. ‘From School to YTS: Education and Training in England and Wales 1944-1987.’  ISBN 10:0335158471. OUP. 1988.

Aldrich. R ‘Education and Employment: The DfEE and its place in history.’ UoL. Institute of Education 2000.

Anderson. R.D. ‘Universities and Elites in Britain since 1800.’ Macmillan. Basingstoke. 1992.

Anderson. R. D. ‘The Scottish University Tradition: Past and Future’. In J. J. Carter and Withrington. D. J. (eds) ‘Scottish Universities: Distinctiveness and Diversity’. Edinburgh. John Donald. pages 67-78. 1992.

Anderson. R. D. ‘The History of Scottish Education, pre 1980.’ in Bryce. T. G. K. and Humes. W. M. (eds). ‘Scottish Education.’ Edinburgh University Press. 1999. pages 215-224. (See also in same book Bain. M. ‘Technology Education.’ pages 562-567).

Anderson. R. D. ‘Education and Opportunity in Victorian Scotland.’ Oxford. 1983.

Anderson. R. D. ‘Universities and Elites since 1800.’ ISBN 0333524349/ASIN B0141DEJKO. Macmillan Press. 1992.

Andrews. S. ‘Methodism and Society.’ Longmans. 1970.

Annals of Science. ‘The Lunar Society and the Improvement of Scientific Instruction.’ Vol. X111. 1957. Pages 1+.
Archer. R.L. ‘Secondary Education in the Nineteenth Century.’ CUP. 1921.
Argles. M. ‘ South Kensington to Robbins.’ An Account of English Technical and Scientific Education Since 1851. ISBN 10:0582323835, Longmans. 1964.

Argles. M. ‘The Royal Commission on Technical Instruction, 1881-1884, its Inception and Composition.’ Vocational Aspects of Secondary and FE.’ 11 (23). 1959.
Armfelt. R. ‘The Structure of English Education.’  ASIN B0000CJ6BT. Cohen and West. 1966.

Armstrong. H. E. ‘Pre-Kensington History of Royal College of Science.’ London. 1921.
Armytage. W.H. G. ‘Four Hundred Years of English Education.’ ASIN B012TYHUY. CUP. 1965.
Armytage. W.H.G. ‘Civic Universities.’  ASIN B0000CJ50R. Ernest Benn. 1955.
Armytage. W.H.G. ‘The Rise of the Technocrats.’ ISBN 10:0415853826. RKP.  1965.
Armytage. W.H.G. ‘Social History of Engineering.’ ISBN 571 04648 7  Faber and Faber 1961.
Armytage. W.H.G.  ‘J. F. Donnelly: Pioneer in Vocational Education.’  The Vocational Aspect of Secondary and Further Education. Volume 2.May 1950.

Armytage. W. H. G. ‘The German Influence on English Education.’  ASIN B012TR5MTA. RKP. 1969. (Armytage also wrote about the influences on English education from America (1967), France (1968) and Russia (1969).

Armytage. W. H. G. ‘Some Sources for the History of Technical Education in England.’ British Journal of Educational Studies. vol: v no. 2 May 1957 and vol: vi no. 1 Nov. 1957.

Armytage. W. H. G. ‘The Centenary of “South Ken”.’ British Journal of Educational Studies. Vol. v. no.1. Nov. 1956.

Artizans’ Institute. ‘Technical Education – An address to the Trustees of the Artizans’ Institute by Henry Solly.’ 1878.

Artizans’ Institute. ‘Trades Technical Education.’ Paper to the Artizans’ Technical Association by C. T. Millis. 1884.

Ashley Smith. J. W. ‘The Birth of Modern Education: The Contribution of the Dissenting Academies 1660-1800.’ London. Independent Press. 1952.
Ashby. E. ‘ Technology and the Academics’.  ASIN B000W41BRI. Macmillan/St Martins Press. 1966..

Ashby. E. ‘Education for an Age of Technology.’ Chapter in History of Technology by C. Singer. OUP. Vol V.1958. Pages 785+.

Ashford. D. E. ‘Death of a Great Survivor. The Manpower Services Commission in the UK.’ Goverance. Volume 2. Issue 4. 1989. pages 365-383.
Ashton. T. S. ‘ The Industrial Revolution 1760-1830′. ASIN B004BBPKD6. OUP. 1948 later edition 1970.

Ashton. T.S. ‘Some Statistics of the Industrial Revolution.’ Transactions of the Manchester Statistical Society (TMSS). 1947/48.

Ashton. T. S. ‘Economic Fluctuations in England 1700 – 1800’. Oxford. 1959.

Ashton. T. S. ‘Iron and Steel in The Industrial Revolution.’ Manchester. 1982.

Ashton. W. ‘An Economic History of England 1870 – 1939’. London. 1960.

Aspin. C. and Chapman. S. D. ‘James Hargreaves and the Spinning Jenny.’ Preston, Helmshore Local History Society. 1966.

ATTI. ‘The Extended College Year.’ Policy Statement. ATTI.

ATTI Developing Day Release. Evidence to Henniker-Heaton. 1963.

ATTI. ‘The Future of HE within the FE System.’ Policy Statement. ATTI. 1965.

ATTI. ‘Future of HE, Evidence to Robbins’. 1962.

ATTI/APTI/ATI issues a joint publication ‘Policy for Technical Education in 1932 and re-issued it again in 1937 and 1945 – strongly advocating more support and resources for technical education.

Aspin. C and Chapman. S. D. ‘James Hargreaves and the Spinning Jenny.’ Preston, Helmshore Local History Society. 1964.

Association of Principals in Technical Institutions (APTI). ‘Regional Coordination of FE.’ APTI. 1933.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘The Relation between Secondary and Technical Education.’ G. J. R. Potter. ATI Loughborough. 1933.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘The Relation of Technical Colleges to Local Universities.’ W. A. Richardson. ATI. Loughborough. 1929.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘Day Continuation Schools.’ J. W. Gledsdale. 1920.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘Junior Technical Schools , their Status and Position.’ C.T. Millis. ATI. 1921.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘The Place of the Local Colleges in Adult Education.’ R. Peers. ATI. Loughborough. 1926

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘Craft Training and Certification.’ H. C. Haslegrave. ATI. 1948. Page 13+.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘Technical Education and City Companies.’ C. C. Hawkins. 1923 (Annual Conference).

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘The Function and Work of the ULCI.’ M. Tomlinson and G. T. Walmsley.. ATI. Loughborough. 1935.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘A Descriptive Account of Technical Education in London.’ C. H. Gater. ATI. Loughborough. 1931.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘Apprenticeships and the Irish Apprenticeships.’ ATI. R. R. Butler. 1934.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘Education for Distribution.’ F. J. Stratton. ATI. 1938.

Association of Technical Institutions.   ‘Technical Secondary Schools.’ A. M. Gibson. ATI. Loughborough. 1936.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘Industry and Technical Colleges.’ F. H. Perkins. ATI. June 1954.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘The Trend of Technical Education.’ Doherty, 1948.

Association of Technical Institutions. National Colleges in Concept and Realisation.’ Symposium paper.  Gibson. T.J. et al. ATI 1951.

Association of Technical Institutions. ‘The Structure of Higher Technological Education.’ Jones. J. C. 1954.

Atkinson, R, L. ‘Copper and Copper Mining.’ Shire Publications. 1987.

Atkins, E, (Ed.). ‘ The Vaughan Working Men’s College, Leicester 1862-1912.’ Leicester. 1912.
Avis. J, Bloomer. M, Elsland. G and Hodkinson. P. (eds). ‘ Knowledge and Nationhood.’  SASIN B00NPMSN22. Cassells. 1996.


Babbage. C. ‘Reflections on the Decline of Science.’ B Fellowes. 1820.

BACIE. ‘Economic Growth and Manpower.’ BACIE. 1963.

Bagley. J. J. and Bagley. A. J. ‘The State of Education in Engalnd and Wales 1833-1968.’ ISBN 10: 0333000617/ASIN B 008040A3K. Macmillan. 1969.

Bailey. B. ‘Technical Education and Secondary Schooling’ 1905 to 1945.’ Manchester University Press. 1990.

Bailey. J. ‘The Co-operative Movement.’ The Party. 1952.

Balfour. G. ‘The Educational Systems of GB and Ireland.’ OUP/Clarendon Press. 1903.
Balfour. G. ‘Educational Administration.’ OUP. 1921

Ball. C. ‘Learning Pays’. RSA.

Banks. O. ‘Parity and Prestige in English Secondary Education.’ ISBN 0-415-17768-5. Routledge Kegan Paul. London. 1955. Later editions published.

Bantock. G. H. ‘ Education in an Industrial Society.’  ISBN 10:0571047912. Faber and Faber. 1963.

Barker. T. C. ‘Pilkington Brothers and the Glass Industry.’ Allen and Unwin. 1960.
Barnard. H. C. ‘A Short History of English Education from 1760.’  ASIN BOOOXZZUKA. 1947/1961.

Barnes. C. L. ‘The Manchester Lit and Phil Society.’ The Society. 1938.
Barnett. C. ‘The Audit of War.’ ISBN 0333-43458-7. Papermac/Macmillan. 1986.
Barnett. C. ‘Technology, Education and Industrial and Economic Strength.’ Journal of RSA. 1979.

Barnes, C, L. ‘The Manchester Lit and Phil.’ Manchester. 1938.

Barnett. C. ‘The Collapse of British Power.’ ISBN 0-86299-074-2 . Alan Sutton. 1972.

Barnett. C. ‘Long Term Industrial Performance in the UK; the Role of Education and Research 1850-1939’. In ‘The Economic System in the UK’, D. J. Morris (ed) 1985.

Baron. G. ‘A bibliographical guide to the English education system.’ 2nd edition. Athlone Press. 1960.

Bartlett. C. J. ‘Britain Pre-eminent’. Macmillan Press. 1969.

Barton, D. B. ‘The Cornish Beam Engine.’ Truro: Barton. 1965.
Beales. H.L. ‘ The Industrial Revolution 1750-1850.’ Frank Cass and Co. 1958.

Bee,  M. ‘Industrial Revolution and Social Reform in the Manchester Region.’ ISBN 978 185216 1170. Neil Richardson. 1997.

Bees and Swords. ‘National Vocational Qualifications.’ Kogan Page. 1990.

Beecham. B. L. ‘The Universities and Technical Education in England and Wales.’ Journal of F and H Education.’ 6 (1). 1982.

Belcher. V. ‘The City Parochial Foundation 1891-1991: a Trust for the Poor of London.’ ISBN 10:0859678792. Scolar Press. Aldershot. 1991.

Bell. V. A. ‘Junior Instruction Centres and their Future.’ (Carnegie UK Trust) Edinburgh. 1934.
Bell. R. Fowler. G and Little. K. (eds). ‘Education in Great Britain and Ireland.’ See M. Sutherland article. ‘Education in Northern Ireland.’ pages 19-25. ‘RKP/OU. 1973.

Bell. Q. ‘The Schools of Design.’ Routledge. ASIN B0037ZU58M. 1963.

Bell. D. and Napier D. ‘David Napier. Engineer.’ J Maclehose and Sons. 1912.

Bellot. H. H. ‘A History of University College, London 1826-1926.’ University of London Press. 1929.

Benavot. A. ‘The Rise and Decline of Vocational Education’. Sociology of Education. Vol 56. No 2. April 1983. Pages 63-109.

Benge. R. C. ‘Technical and Vocational Education in the UK: a Bibliographical Survey.’ UNESCO.

Benn. C. and Fairley. J. ‘Challenging the MSC on Jobs, Education and Training.’ London. Pluto Press. 1986.
Bennett. C. A. ‘History of Manual and Industrial Education Up To 1870.’ The Manual Arts Press. 1926.

Bennett. Y. and Carter. D. ‘Day Release for Girls’. EOC page 76+. 1983.

Bennett. R. ‘Training and Enterprise TECs and VET’. ISBN 0 853281122. LSE. 1989.

Bennett, C, A. History of Manual and Industrial Education 1870-1917.’ Peoria, Illinois. 1937.

Berg. M. (Editor).  ‘Technology and Toil in 19th Century Britain’. ISBN 0-90633 6031. Humanities Press Inc. 1979.
Berg. M. ‘ The Age of Manufactures.’ ISBN 0-00-686019-2. Fontana Press. 1985.
Bernal. J. D. ‘ Science and Industry in the 19th Century.’  ASIN BOOABM3AVS. RKP. 1953. A number of volumes
Bernal. J. D. ‘The Social Function of Science.’ ISBN 10:0262520060. George Routledge and Sons. 1939.

Bernal. J. D. ‘Science in History.’ ASIN BOOOPKIFC. Watts. 1957.

Bernbaum. G. (ed). ‘Schooling in Decline.’ See D. Reeder article. ‘A recurring debate: education and industry.’ London. Macmillan. 1979.

Berry. H. F. ‘History of the Royal Society of Dublin.’ 1915.

Best. G. ‘Mid-Victorian Britain 1851-1875.’ Fontana Press. 1979.

Betts. R. ‘The Samuelson Commission of !881-1884 and English Technical Education.’ History of Education Society Bulletin. 34. 1984. pages 40-52.

Beveridge. A. ‘Apprentice now: notes on the training of young entrants to industry.’ Chapman and Hall. 1963.

Bibby. C. ‘T. H. Huxley, Scientist, Humanist and Educator.’  ASIN B0010H81HY. Watts London. 1959.

Binnie. G. M. ‘ Early Victorian Water Engineers.’ Thomas Telford. 1967.

Binns. H. B. ‘A Century of Education 1809 – 1909.’ London. J. M. Dent and Co. 1908.

Bird. A. ‘Roads and Vehicles.’ Longmans. 1965/69.
Bishop. A. S. ‘The Rise of a Central Authority for English Education.’ ISBN 0 521 08023 1. CUP. 1971.

Black. A. ‘The Owenites and the Halls of Science.’ Co-operative Review. Volume XXIX. Number 2. February 1955. Pages 42-44.
Blyth. J.A. ‘English University Adult Education 1908-1958.’ Manchester Univ Press . ISBN 0-7190-0903-0. 1983.

Board of Education. ‘The New Prospect in Education.’ BoE. 1928.

Board of Education. ‘Trade and Domestic Schools for Girls.’ BoE HMSO. 1929.

Board of Education (BoE). ‘A Review of JTSs in England’. BoE Educational Pamphlets. Number 111. 1937.

Board of Education. ‘Education for Salesmanship.’ BoE Education Pamphlet. 1931.

Board of Education. ‘Trade Schools on the Continent.’ Education pamphlet Number 91. London. 1932.

Board of Education. ‘Evening Schools’ Lloyds. S. Li. Educational Pamphlet No 2.

Board of Education. ‘An Outline of the Structure of the Educational System in England and Wales.’ Education Pamphlet No 94. London 1934.

Board of Trade (BoT). ‘Conditions of Apprenticeship and Industrial Training in Various Trades and Occupations in the UK’. London. BoT. HMSO. 1915.

Board of Education. ‘Educational Reconstruction’. White Paper. Cmd 6458.1943. HMSO.

Bode. H.  ‘James Brindley’. ISBN 0 85263 485-4. Shire Books. 1988.

Booth. J. ‘On the Examinations of the SoA.’ Transactions of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science. 1858.

Borer. M. C. ‘Willingly to School.’ Lutterworth Press.ISBN 07188 21270. 1976.

Bosworth. D etal. ‘Technological Change and The Role of Scientists and Engineers’. ISBN 1 85628 322 4. Avebury. 1992.
Bowden. W. ‘Industrial Society in England towards the end of the Eighteenth Century.’ ISBN 10:0714612766. Frank Cass and Co.. 1965.

Bowen. J. ‘A History of Western Education’. Vol 2, ISBN 0 416 82650 4. Methuen and Co. 1971.
Boyd. W. ‘The History of Western Education.’ ASIN B001A91DPY.Adam and Charles Black.1961.
Bradshaw. D.C.A. (ed.) ‘Studies in the Government and Control of Education Since 1860.’ Methuen. 1970.

Bradshaw. C. A. ‘Bringing Learning to Life’. ISBN 0 750703954 4. Falmer Press. 1995.

Bratchell. D. F. ‘The Aims and Organisation of FE.’ Pergamon. 1968.

Bray. R. A. ‘The Apprentice Question.’ The Economic Journal. XIX. 1909. pages 404+.

Bremner. ‘Education of Girls and Women in GB.’ Swan Sonnenschein and Co. 1897. (Chapter by G. W. Alexander of particular interest).
Brereton. J.L. ‘The Case for Examinations.’ CUP. 1944.

Brewster. D. ‘Observations on the Decline of Science in England.’ Edinburgh Journal of Science. 1831.

Bridges. D and Husbands. C. (eds). ‘Consorting and Collaborating in Education Market Place.’ London. Falmer Press. 1996. (See article by A. Bridgwood.’ Consortium Collaboration: The Experience of TVEI.’

Briggs. A. ‘Iron Bridge to Crystal Palace. Impact and Images of the Industrial Revolution.’  Library of Congress Catalogue card number 79-63877. London. Thames and Hudson Ltd. 1979.

Bristow. A. ‘Pride and Some Prejudice: The Story of YTS,’ London. Imogen.
Bristow. A. ‘ Inside the Colleges of Further Education.’ SN 11 2701744. DES/HMSO. 1970.

British Association. ‘The scientific-societies in relation to the Advancement of Science in the UK.’ B.A. 1879. pages 458-468.

British Association for Commercial and Industrial Education. ‘ Education for Commerce in Scotland.’ J. B. Frizell. BACIE. 1935.

British Journal of Educational Studies. ‘The 1870 Education Act’. W. H. G. Armytage. BJES. 18. no. 1970.

British Youth Council. ‘Youth Unemployment: Causes and Cures.’ BYC. London. 1977.

Brock. W. H. (ed). ‘H.E. Armstrong and the Teaching of Science 1880-1930’. CUP. 1973.

Brock. W. H. ‘The Japanese Connection: engineering in Tokyo, London and Glasgow’. BJHS. 1981.

Brook. W. H. (ed). ‘H. E. Armstrong and the Teaching of Science 1880-1930.’ ISBN 10: 0521169410. CUP. 1973/2012.

Brookmann. M. L., Clarke. L. and Winch. C. ‘The Apprenticeship Framework in England: A New Beginning or a Continuing Sham.’ Journal of Education and Work. 23. 2010. pages 111-127.

Brooks. C. W. ‘Apprenticeships, Social Mobility and the Middling Sort’. In J. Barry and C. W. Brooks ‘ The Middling Sort of People’. Basingstoke pages 52-83. 1994.

Brookes. J. H. ‘Many Sided Education in the Technical College.’ Journal of Education. 7. 1949. Pages 296+

Brougham. H. P. ‘Objects, Advantages and Pleasures of Science.’ The Pamphleteer. London. 1826.

Brougham. H. P. ‘The Scientific Education of the People.’ Edinburgh Review. 1822. October edition.

Brougham. H. P. ‘Practical observations upon the education of the people, addressed to the working classes and their employers’. London. Longman. Hurst. Rees. Orme. Brown and Green. 1825.

Brown. A. and Fairley. J. (eds). ‘The MSC in Scotland.’ see article by T. Burness. ‘FE and the MSC.’ and C. Howieson. ‘The Impact of MSC on Secondary Education.’ Edinburgh University Press. 1989.

Brown. L. M. and Christie. ‘Bibliography of British History 1789 – 1851’. OUP. 1977.

Brown. J. ‘Co-operation in Engineering Education’ Transcript of lecture at University University, London. 1965.
Brown. F. P. ‘South Kensington and Its Art Training. ISBN 10:1445518112. Longmans, Green and Co. London. 1912. New edition 2003.

Browne. L.  ‘Securing a Sustainable Future for Higher Education’. BIS. 2010.

Bryce. T. G. K. and Humes. W. M. (eds) ‘ Scottish Education.’ see article by R. Anderson. ‘The History of Scottish Education, pre 1980.’ and M. Bain. ‘Technology Education.’  and J. Johnson. ‘Current Priorities in FE.’ Edinburgh University Press. 1999.

Bulter. R. A. ‘The Future of Technical Education.’ The Journal of Education. Oct 1950.

Burgess. T. ‘ Education after School.’ Penguin. ASIN B0010XJ368. 1977.
Burgess. T. ‘A Guide to English Schools.’ Pelican. 1972.

Burgess.T. and Pratt. J. ‘Technical Education in the UK.’ OECD. 1971.

Burke. J. W. ‘Competency Based Education and Training’ ISBN 1-85000-627-X. Falmer Press. 1990.

Burn. D. L. (editor). ‘The Structure of British Industry.’ 2 volumes. Cambridge. 1958.

Burness. T. ‘Further Education and the MSC.’ in Brown. A. and Fairley. J. (eds). ‘The MSC in Scotland.’ Edinburgh University Press. 1989. p 91-104.

Burgess. T. and Pratt. J. ‘Policy and Practice: The CATs’. Allan Lane. 1970.

Burgess. T and Pratt. J. Technical Education in the UK.’ OECD. 1971.

Burns. C. D. ‘A Short History of Birkbeck College.’ London.1924.

Burns. D. ‘Mechanics’ Institutions: Their Objects and Tendency.’ Glasgow. 1837.

Burton. A. ‘Josiah Wedgewood: A Biography.’ Deutsch. 1976.


Campbell. W. A. ‘The Chemical Industry.’ Longmans.1971.

Cane. B. S ‘Scientific and technical subjects in the curriculum of English secondary schools at the turn of the century.’  Brit J Educ Studies 8 pages 52-64 1959.

Cantor. L.M. and Roberts. I.  ‘Further Education – a critical review.’ ISBN 0 7100 0412 5. RKP. Various editions e.g. 3rd edition 1986.

Cantor. L. M. ‘Vocational Education and Training in the Developed World. A Critical Study.’ ISBN 0-415-02542-7. Taylor and Francis. London. 1989.

Cantor.L, Roberts. I and Pratley. B. ‘A Guide to FE in England and Wales’. ISBN 0-304-33134-1. Cassell. 1995.

Carr-Saunders. A. M. and Wilson. P. A. ‘The Professions.’ Taylor and Walton. 1933.
Carlton. F. F. ‘ Education and the Industrial Evolution.’ Macmillan. 1908.

Carpenters’ Company’s Technical School. ‘The Story of the Carpenters’ Company Technical School, 1891-1905.’ Old Carpentarians Association. 1964.
Carwell. D. S. L. ‘ Organisation of Science in England.’  ISBN 0 435 54154 4. Heinemann.  1980.
Cardwell. D.S.L. ‘ Technology, Science and History.’   ISBN 0 435 54151 X. Heinemann. 1972.
Cardwell. D.S.L. ‘Artisan to Graduate.’ ISBN 0 7190 1272 4. Manchester University Press. 1974.

Cardwell. D. ‘Fontana History of Technology’. ISBN 0 00 686176 8. Fontana Press. 1994.

Cardwell, D. S. L. ‘Steam Power in the 18th Century: A Case Study in the Application of Science’. New York, Sheed and Ward. 1963.

Carter. E. H and Mears. R. A. F. ‘A History of Britain 1714-1852.’ ISBN 978-1906768-24-9. Stacey International. 2010.

Carter.M. P. ‘Home, school and work: a study of the education and employment of young people in Britain.’ Oxford Pergamon Press. ISBN 10:1483208052. 1959.
Carter. C.F. and Williams. B.R. ‘Industry and Technical Progress.’ OUP. 1957.

Carter. C. F. and Williams. B. R. ‘Science and Industry.’ ASIN B0006D60TG.  OUP. 1959.

Caseley. C. (ed). ‘Learning 2000’. ISBN 1 85338 6073.  LSDA. 2000.

Cassels. J. ‘Britain’s Real Skills Shortage’. London. Policy Studies Institute. 1990.

Cavanagh. F.A. ‘Lord Brougham and the Society of the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.’ Journal of Adult Education. Vol IV no 1 Oct 1929. Page 13+.

Cawthorpe. H. M. ‘The Spitalfields Mathematical Society 1717-1845.’ Journal of Adult Education. Vol III no 2 .April. 1929. Pages 156-158.

CBI. ‘ People – the Cutting Edge’. 1988.

CBI. ‘Managing the Skills Gap’. 1989.

Central Training Council. ‘Time for a Change.’ Oct. 1968.

Central Policy Review Staff. (A think tank). ‘Education, Training and Industrial Performance.’ London. HMSO. 1980.

CGLI. ‘A Short History of CGLI for the Advancement of Technical Education.’ CGLI. London. 1896.
CGLI. ‘ Reflections Past and Present’ A. Sich. CGLI. 2001.
CGLI. ‘A Short History-1878-1992’. ISBN 0 8519 30107. CGLI. 1993.

CGLI Centenary 1878-1978.’ An excellent account of the Finsbury College and the Central Institute. 1978.

CGLI. ‘Variety or Chaos.’ CGLI. 1978.

CGLI. Programme of Technical Examinations 1880-1881. CGLI.

Chambers. T. G. ‘Royal College of Chemistry, Royal College of Mines and Royal College of Science.’ Hazell, Watson and Viney. 1896.
Chapman. C. R. ‘The Growth of British Education and its Records.’ ISBN 10:1873686056. Lochin Publishing. Dursley. 1991.

Chapman. S. D. ‘The Early Factory Masters.’ David and Charles. 1967.

Chapman. S. D. ‘The Cotton Industry in the Industrial Revolution.’ London Macmillan. 1972.

Chambers. J. D. ‘The Workshop of the World.’ OUP. 1961.

Chapman. S. D. ‘The Cotton Industry in the Industrial Revolution’. Macmillan. 1972.

Chapman.P. and Tooze. M. ‘The Youth Training Scheme in the UK’. Aldershot. Avebury. 1987.

Charlton. D et al. ‘The Administration of Technical Colleges.’ ISBN 10:0719004632. Manchester University Press. 1971.

Checkland. S. G. ‘The Rise of Industrial Society in England 1815 – 1885.’ ASIN B0006BMDHG. Longmans. 1966.
Chessy. C. H. ‘Technical Teaching in Theory and Practice.’ London. 1935.
Chitty. C. Ed) ‘Post-16 Education.’ ISBN 0 7494 0097 8. London Education Studies. 1991.

Chitty. C. ‘Education Policy in Britain.’ ASIN B00HK30W8U. Palgrave, Macmillan. Basingstoke. 2004.

Church, R, A. ‘ The Great Victorian Boom 1850-1873.’ London 1975.

Cipolla. C. M. (Ed). ‘The Emergence of  Industrial Societies’. Fontana. 1973.

Clapp. B. W. ‘John Owens, Manchester Merchant.’ MUP. 1965.

Clark. E. K. ‘Leeds Philosophical and literary Society: History of 100 Years.’ Jowett and Sowry. Leeds. 1924/44.

Clarke. L. ‘The Transition from School to Work.’ London. Department of Employment. HMSO.
Clarke. F. ‘Education and Social Change. An English Interpretation.’  Sheldon Press. 1940.

Clark. A. ‘Working Life of Women in the 17th Century.’ ISBN 0-7100-9045-5. George Routledge and Sons. 1919.

Clarke. R. H. ‘The Development of the English Traction Engine.’ Norwich. Goose. 1960.

Claxton. T. ‘Memoir of a Mechanic. Life of Timothy Claxton’. Boston. G. W. Light. Cornhill. 1839.

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McCulloch. G, Jenkins. E and Layton. D. ‘Technological Revolution? The Politics of School Science and Technology in England and Wales since 1945.’ Falmer Press. Lewes. 1985.

McCulloch. G. ‘The Secondary Technical School. A Usable Past.’ Falmer Press. London. 1989.
McCulloch. G. (ed). ‘History of Education.’ ISBN 0 415 34570. Routledge. 2005.

McCulloch. G. ‘Educational Reconstruction 1944 Education Act and the 21st Century. ISBN 10:071304019 X. Routledge.

McCulloch. G. Jenkins E. and Layton. D. ‘Technological Revolution? The Politics of school science and technology in England. ISBN 10 185000042.  Routledge/Falmer Press. 1985.

Macfarlane. E. ‘Education 16-19 in Transition.’ London. Routledge. 1993.

Mclachlan. P. ‘English Education Under the Test Acts.’ Manchester University Press. 1931.

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Meteyard. E. ‘Life of Josiah Wedgewood.’ 2 volumes. London. 1865/1866.

Metraux. G and Crouzet. F. ‘The Evolution of Science.’  63-18009. Mentor Book for UNESCO. 1963.

Metraux.G and Crouzet. F. ‘The 19th Century World; readings in the History of Mankind.’ Mentor book for UNESCO.
Meyer. A.E. ‘An Educational History of the Western World.’ 79-178930. McGraw-Hill. 1972.

Milward. A. S. and Saul. S. B. ‘ The Economic Development of Continental Europe -1780-1870’. ISBN 0-04-330299 -8. George Allen and Unwin. 1973.
Midwinter. E. ‘19th Century Education.’ SBN 582 31391-0. Longman. 1970.

Miers, H. ‘Report on the Public Museums in the British Isles.’ Carnegie UK Trust. 1928.
Millerson. G. ‘The Qualifying Associations.’ Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1964.
Millis. C.T. ‘ Technical Education. Its Development and Aims.’ Edward Arnold and Co. 1925.
Millis. S. T. ‘Education for Trade and Industries.’ Edward Arnold. 1932.
Mills. J. ‘What is Industrial and Technical Education.’ London. 1871.

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MoE. ‘Further Education.’ MoE Pamphlet No. 8. 1947.

MoE. ‘Liberal Education in Technical Colleges’. May 1957.

MoE. ‘Standards in Public Library Service in England and Wales.’ 1962

MoL. ‘Report of an Inquiry into Apprenticeship and Training. History of Apprenticeship. Pre-War Apprenticeship 1814-1914.’ London. HMSO. 1928.

MoL. ‘Report of an Inquiry into Apprenticeship and Training for Skilled Occupations in GB and NI.’ London. HMSO. 1928.

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Montague. F. C. ‘Technical Education: A Summary of the Report of the Royal Commission Appointed to Inquire into State of Technical Education.’  Cassell and Company. London. 1887.

Montgomery. R. J. ‘ Examinations.’ Longmans. ISBN 10:0582324130. 1965.

Moore Smith. G.C. ‘The Story of the People’s College Sheffield 1842-1878.’ Sheffield. 1912. Pages 24+.

More. C. ‘Skills and the English Working Class 1870-1914.’ London. Croom Helm. 1980.

More. C. ‘Understanding the Industrial Revolution.’ London. Routledge. 2000.

Morgan. A. ‘Rise and Progress of Scottish Education.’ Oliver and Boyd. 1927.
Morgan. K.O. ‘The Oxford History of Britain.’ ISBN 0-19-285266-3. OUP. 1988.
Morris. N. ‘State paternalism and laissez-faire in the 1860s, Studies in the Government and Control of Education since 1860.’ Methuen. 1970.
Morrish. I. ‘ Education Since 1800.’ Routledge/Allen and Unwin.  ISBN 13 978-0415432672/10: 041576174. 1970. Various editions.

Morrison. P and Morrison. E. ‘Charles Babbage and his Calculating Machines’. Dover Publications Ltd. 1961.

Mott. R. A. ‘Henry Cort: The Great Finer Creator f Puddled Iron.’ Metals Society. 1983.

Muller. D and Furnell. P. ; Delivering Quality in Vocational Education.’ London. Kogan Page, 1991.

Mumford. D. E. ‘The image of technical education.’ Vocational Aspects of Education. Volume XV No 31. 1963.

Murphy. B. ‘A History of the British Economy 1740-1970.’ ISBN 0 582 35034 4. Longman. 1973.

Murphy. J. ‘Education Act 1870 text and commentary.’ Newton Abbot. David and Charles. 1972.

Musgrave. P. W. ‘The Definition of Technical Education.’ Vocational Aspects of Secondary and FE. Summer edition 1964.

Musgrave. P. W. ‘Constant factors in the demand for technical education 1860-1960’ Brit J Educ Studies 14 pages 173-187 1966. Also in ‘Sociology, History and Education.’ London. Methuen. 1970.
Musgrave. P. W. ‘Society and Education in England since 1800.’ ISBN 416 10790 7/ASIN B0010WB9HA. Methuen and Co. 1968.

Musgrave. P. W. ‘Sociology, History and Education.’ Methuen and Co Ltd. 1970. (Interesting material on technical education).
Musson. A. E. and Robinson.E. ‘ Science and Technology and in the Industrial Revolution.’ SBN 7190 0370 9. Manchester University Press.1969.

Musson. A. E. ‘James Nasmyth and the Early Growth of Mechanical Engineering.’ Economic History Review. 2nd series. 10. 1957.

Musson. A. E. ‘James Watt and the Steam Revolution.’ Adam and Dart. 1969.



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NAPTSE. ‘The Development of Technical and Secondary Education in England.’ Henry Roscoe. 1901.

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NATHFE.’ General Studies.’ 1980.

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Neale. R. S. ‘Class in English History 1680-1850.’ Basil Blackwell Oxford. ISBN 0-631-13048-9. 1981.

Needham. J. ‘Clerks and Craftsmen in China and the West’. CUP. 521 07235 2. 1970.

Needham. J.’ Science and Civilisation in China. 54-4723′.  CUP. 1971. 25 volumes so far. A truly amazing set of texts.

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Newell. Abm. ‘A Hillside View of Industrial History.’ ISBN 0-678-00695-4. Augustus M Kelly Publishers. 1971.

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O’Brien. P. ‘Warrington Academy 1757-86.’ ISBN 0 9514333 0 X. Owl Books. 1989.

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Osborn. F. M. ‘The Story of the Mushets.’ London. Nelson. 1952.

Osborne. R. ‘Iron, Steam and Money: The Making of the Industrial Revolution’. Pimlico. 2014.


Page. W. ‘Commerce and Industry. Statistical Tables.’ London. 1919.

Parish. C.  ‘The History of the Lit and Phil. Vol 2.’ ISBN 0 9514922 0 9. Lit and Phil Society of Newcastle upon Tyne.  1990.
Parker. I. ‘Dissenting Academies in England: their rise and progress and their place in the education systems of the country.’ CUP. 1914/2009.

Parker. S. R. ‘Industry and Education.’ George Allen and Unwin. 1975.

Paterson. L. Scottish Education in the 20th Century. ISBN 10:0748615903.Edinburgh University Press.
Pavitt. K. and Worboys. M. ‘Science, Technology and Society.’ ISBN 10:0408712996.  Butterworths. 1975.
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Payne. G.L. ‘Britain’s Scientific and Technological Manpower.’ ASIN B0000CKMIX.  Stanford U P. 1960.

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PEP. ‘The Entrance in Industry.’ 16, Queen Anne’s Gate. 1935.
Percy. E. ‘Education at the Crossroads.’ Evans Brothers Ltd. No date.

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Peters. A. J. ‘The Changing Ideas of Technical Education.’ British Journal of Educational Studies. Volume 11 No. 2 (May) 1963. pages 97-216.
Peterson. A. D. C. ‘A Hundred Years of Education.’ ISBN 0 7156 0581 X. Gerald Duckworth and Co Ltd. 1971.

Pike. E. R. ‘Human Documents of the Industrial Revolution.’ Allen and Unwin. London. 1966.

Pike. E Royston . ‘Human Documents of the Industrial Revolution’. London. Allen and Unwin. 1966.
Philips. M. ‘The Young Industrial Worker. A Study of his Educational Needs.’ OUP. 1922.

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Pinchbeck. I. ‘Women Workers and the Industrial Revolution 1750 – 1850.’ ISBN 0 86068 170 X. Virago. 1981.

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Pinion. F. B. ‘Educational Values in an Age of Technology.’ ASIN B0017DGRWY. Pergamon/Macmillan Co. 1964.

Pirvis. J. ‘A History of Women Education in England.’ ISBN 13: 978 -0335097753. Open University. 1981.
Playfair. L. ‘Industrial Instruction on the Continent.’  Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans/Royal College of Mines. 1852.

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Playfair. L.  ‘The Chemical Principles involved in the Manufactures of the Exhibition’. Lectures on the Results of the Great Exhibition. SoA London. 1852.

(Critical of the negative attitude to manufacturing, technical and scientific ideas. Strongly advocated the development of technical universities and institutions).

Podmore. F. ‘Robert Owen, a Biography.’ London. Hutchinson. 1906.

Pole. T. ‘A History of the Origins and Progress of Adult Schools.’ Bristol. 1814. Also Woburn Press 1968.

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Pollard. A. Purvis. J. and Walford. G. (eds). ‘Education, Training and the New Vocationalism.’ OUP. 1988.

Porter. W. S. ‘Sheffield Lit and Phil Society: A Centenary Retrospect.’ The Society. 1922.

Praagh G Van. ‘Henry E Armstrong and Science Education’. ISBN 0 7195 2893 3. John Murray. 1973.
Prais. S. J. ‘Vocational Qualifications of the Labour Market Force in Britain and Germany.’  NIESR. 1981.

Prais. S. J. ‘Productivity, Education and Training.’ National Institute for Economic and Social Research (NIESR).
Prandy. K. ‘Professional Employees. A Study of Scientists and Engineers’. ISBN 10:0571064000. Faber and Faber Ltd. 1965.

Pratt. J. and Burgess. T. ‘Polytechnics. A Report.’ ISBN 10:0273003250. Pitman. 1974.

Pressnell. C. S. (Ed) ‘Studies on the Industrial Revolution.’ University of London Press. 1960.
Price. B. ‘Technical Colleges and Colleges of FE.’ BT Batsford Ltd. 1959.

Price. R. N. ‘The Working Men’s Club Movement and Victorian Social Reform Ideology.’ Victorian Studies. 15 (2). 1971/72.

Priestley. B. ‘British Qualifications.’ Kegan Paul. 1978.

Pring. R and Hayward. G. Education for All. The Education and Training for 14-19 Year Olda. ISBN 10:0415547210. Routledge. 2009.

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Pugh. D. R. ‘The 1902 Education Act. The Search for a Compromise.’ British Journal of Educational Studies. 16. 2. 1968. pages 164-178.

Purvis. J. ‘A History of Women’s Education in England,’ Open University. 1991.






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Raistrick. A. ‘Quakers in Science and Industry.’ Bannisdale Press. 1968.

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Raphael. D. ‘Adam Smith.’ OUP. 1985.

Raphael. S. ‘The Workshop of the World: Steam Power and Hand Technology in Mid-Victorian Britain.’ History Workshop. Number 3. Spring 1977.

Raybould. S. G. ‘The Approach to WEA Teaching.’  WEA. 1949.

Ravetz. J.R. ‘Scientific Knowledge and its Social Problems.’ ISBN 10:1560008514. Clarendon Press Oxford. 1972.
Raybould. S.G. ‘Trends in English Adult Education.’ ASIN B0000CK7T7. Heinemann. 1959.

Raybould. S. G. ‘The English Universities and Adult Education.’ WEA London. 1951.

Reader. W.J. ‘Professional Men: The Rise of the Professional Classes in 19th Century England.’ London.1966.

Reed. T. W. ‘Lyon Playfair.’ London. 1899.

Reeks. M. ‘The Royal School of Mines.’ London. 1920.

Rees. R. M. ‘Mathematics in FE: Difficulties Experienced by Craft and Technician Students’. Brunel FE Monographs. 1973.
Reese Edwards. K. H. R. ‘The Secondary Technical School.’ ASIN B001SKKY1Q. ULP. 1960.

Redford. A. ‘Labour Migration in England.1800-1850 Manchester Press. 1964 edition.

Reid. T. Wemyss. ‘Memoirs and Correspondence of Lyon Playfair.’ Longmans. London. 1898.

Reid. G. L. and Allen. K. Nationalised Industries. Penguin Education. 1973.

Reilly. D. ‘The Muspratts and Gambles- Pioneers of England’s Alkali Industry.’ Journal of Chemical Education. Vol. 28. 1951. pages 650-3.

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Research Papers in Education. ‘The TVEI and School Autonomy in the Management of Curriculum Change’. R. Williams and D. Yeomans. Research Papers in Education. 9 (3) pages 303-319. 1994

Rich. E. ‘The Education Act 1870: A Study of Public Opinion.’ ISBN 10:0582324904. Longmans. London. 1970.

Richson. C. ‘Education in Trade Schools. Necessary to Promote National Education.’ March 1853.

Richardson. W. ‘In Search of the Further Education of Young People in Post-War England.’ Journal of Vocational Education and Training. 59 (3). pages 385-418. 2007.

Richmond. W. K. ‘The Literature of Education (Critical Bibliography 1945-1970)’. ISBN 416 60200 2. Methuen and Co Ltd. 1970.
Richardson. W. A.  ‘The Technical College, Its Organisation and Administration.’  OUP. 1939.
Richardson.W.Woolhouse.J and Finegold. D.(eds.) ‘The Reform of Post-16 Education and Training in England and Wales.’ ISBN 0-582-20928-5. Longman.1993.
Roach. J. ‘Public Examinations in England 1850-1900.’ ISBN 0 521 07931 4. CUP. 1971.
Roberts. R. D. (ed). ‘Education in the 19th Century.’ CUP. 1901. Chapter VIII, by Philip Magnus on Industrial Education.

Roberts. R. D. ‘Eighteen Years of University Extension.’ CUP.1891. Pages 62+.
Robinson. E. ‘The New Polytechnics.’ ISBN 10:0140800417. Penguin Books. 1968.

Robinson. E. ‘The Lunar Society and the Improvement of Scientific Instruments.’ Annals of Science. Vol. XII 1957.

Robinson. E. ‘The Derby Philosophical Society.’ Annals of Science. Vol.1X. 1953.

Robinson. E. ‘The Origin and Life-Span of the Lunar Society.’ University of Birmingham Historical Journal. Vol. XI. Number 1. 1967.
Robinson. P. ‘Rhetoric and Reality: Britain’s New Vocational Qualifications.’ LSE. 1996.
Robinson. P. ‘Qualifications and the Labour Market: Do the National Education and Training Targets Make Sense?’  LSE. Working Paper 736. 1995
Robson. A. H. ‘ The Education of Children Engaged in Industry in England.’ Kegan Paul. 1931.

Robson. R. ‘The Cotton Industry in Britain.’ London. 1957.
Roderick. G. and Stephens. M. ‘Where Did We Go Wrong?’ ISBN 0 905273 11 7. Falmer Press. 1981.
Roderick. G.W. and Stephens. M.D. ‘Scientific Technical Education in 19th Century England.’ ISBN 0 7153 5777 8.  David and Charles. 1972.
Roderick. G. W. and Stephens. M.D. ‘Education and Industry in the 19th Century- The English Disease?’ ISBN 0-582-48719-6. Longman. 1978.
Roderick.G.W. and Stephens.M. (eds). ‘The British Malaise. Industrial Performance Education and Training in Britain Today’. ISBN 0 905273 214. Falmer Press. 1982.
Roderick.G.W. ‘The Emergence of a Scientific Society in England 1800-1965.’  ASIN B0017UZYTE. Macmillan. 1967.

Rogers. J. ‘Adults Learning.’ OUP. 1977.

Rogers. J. E. T. ‘The Industrial and Commercial History of England’. Lectures delivered by James E Thorold Rogers Vol 1. General Books. 2010. (1st edition 1864).

Roll. E. ‘An Early Experiment in Industrial Organisations. 1775-1805. Cass. 1968.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘Great Engineers’ London. Bell. 1962.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘Victorian Engineers.’ Allen Lane The Penguin Press. SBN 7139 0104 7. 1970.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘George and Robert  Stephenson.’ Longmans. 1960.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘Thomas Newcomen, the Prehistory of the Steam Engine.’ Dawlish: David and Charles. 1963.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘James Watt.’ London. Batsford. 1962/3.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘Isambard Kingdom Brunel.’ London. Longmans. 1957.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘Tools for the Job, A Short History of Machine Tools.’ London. Basford. 1965.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘The Mechanicals. Portrait of a Professional.’ Heinemann. London. 1967.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘Thomas Newcomen, the Prehistory of the Steam Engine’. Dawlish. David and Charles. 1963.

Rolt. L. T. C. and Allen. J. S. ‘The Steam Engine and Thomas Newcomen.’ Moorland Publishing. 1977.

Rolt. L. T. C. ‘Navigable Waterways.’ Longmans. 1969.

Ronan. C. A. ‘The Ages of Science’. George Harrop and Co. 1966.

Rose. M. B. ‘The Gregs of Quarry Bank Mill.’ CUP. 1986.

Rose. J. ‘The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes.’ ISBN 978-0-300-15365-1). Yale University Press. 2010.

Rosen. W.  ‘The Most Powerful Idea in the World: A Story of Steam, Industry and Invention.’ University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0226726342. 2012.

Rostow, W, W. ‘British Economics of the 19th Century – Essays.’ Oxford. 1948.

Ronan. C. A. ‘The Ages of Science’. George G Harrap. 1966.

Rowbothan. T. ‘An Account of the Origin and Progress of the Peoples College at Sheffield.’ Working Men’s College Magazine. Vol. I. 1859. pages 71-72 and 98-101.

Rowe. J. ‘Cornwall in the Age of the Industrial Revolution. Liverpool. 1957.

Rowntree. J. W. and Binns. H. B. ‘A History of the Adult School Movement.’ Headley Brothers. 1903.

Royle. E. ‘Mechanics’ Institutes and the Working Classes 1840-1860′ Historical Journal 14 pages 305-321 1971.

RSA. ‘Office Technology (Implications for Education and Training in the 1980s).’ 1981.

Rubinstein. W. D. ‘Capitalism, Culture and Decline in Britain 1750-1990.’ Routledge. ISBN 0-415- 03719-0. 1994.

Russell. C. A. and Goodman. D. C. ‘Science and the Rise of Technology Since 1800’ ISBN 0 7236 0336 7.  John Wright and Sons Ltd. 1972.

Russell. G.J. ‘Teaching in FE’. ISBN 0 273 361155. Pitman Publishing. 1972.

Russell. J. S. ‘Systematic Technical Education for the English People.’ Bradley and Evans and Co. London. 1869.

Russon. M. ‘How Secretarial studies might evolve’. Journal of Vocational Education and Training. 35. 90. pages 31-36. 1983.

Rust. W. Donney and Harris. H. F. P. ‘Examinations Pass or Failure.’ ASIN B0010XCC70.  Pitman.1967.

Ryan. P. (ed) ‘International Comparisons of Vocational Education and Training for Intermediate Skills.’ ISBN 10:1850009007. Falmer Press. London. 1991.



Sadler. M. E. ‘Continuation Schools in England and Elsewhere.’ Manchester: Victoria  University Press. 1907.

Sadler. M. E. ‘Outline of Education Courses in Manchester University: Syllabus of a courses in the history in England 1800- 1911.’ Manchester University Press. 1911.
Salter. W. E. G. ‘Productivity and Technical Change.’  ISBN 10:0521061865. CUP. 1966.
Sanderson. M. ‘The Universities and British Industry – 1850 to 1970.’ ISBN 0 7100 7378 X. RKP. 1972.
Sanderson. M. (ed). ‘The Universities in the 19th Century.’ ISBN 10:0710080611. RKP. 1975.

Sanderson. M. ‘The Missing Stratum: Technical School Education in England 1900 -1990s.’ ISBN 0 485 11442 9. Athlone Press. 1994.

Sanderson. M. ‘Education, Economic Change and Society in England 1780-1870.’ Faber and Faber. London. 1983. Later editions by CUP ISBN 10:0521557798.

Sanderson. M. ‘Educational Opportunities and Social Change in England.’ ISBN 10:057114876X. Faber and Faber. 1987.

Sanderson. M. ‘Education and Economic Decline 1870-1914: an innocent suspect?’ J. P. Dorman, M. Dintenfass. (eds) In ‘The British Economic Decline’. London. Routledge. 1999.

Sanderson. M. ‘Education and economic decline 1800-1980s.’ Oxford Review of Economic Policy. 4 (1) pages 38-50.

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Say. M. G. ‘Journal of the Institute of Electrical Engineers’ . Vol. 7. Issue 79. 1961.

Schofield. R. E. ‘The Lunar Society of Birmingham: A Social History of Provincial Science and Industry in 18th Century England.’ ISBN 10:0198581181. Clarendon Press Oxford. 1963.

Schofield. R. E. ‘Josiah Wedgewood and the Proposed 18th Century Industrial Research Organisation.’ Isis. Vol 47. March 1956.

Schonfield. H. J. (Ed). ‘The Book of British Industries’. Denis Archer. 1933.

Schofield. R. E. ‘Membership of the Lunar Society of Birmingham.’ Annals of Science. Vol. XII. 1956.

Schofield. R. E. ‘The Industrial Orientation of Science in the Lunar Society of Birmingham.’ ISIS. Vol. 48. No. 154. Dec.1957.

Schools Council. ‘A School Approach to Industry.’ SCC Bulletin No. 2.

Schubert. H. R. ‘History of the British Iron and Steel Industry’. London. 1957.

Schuler. T. and Megarry. J. (eds). ‘Recurrent Education and Lifelong Education.’ Kogan Page London. later edition Routledge ISBN 10:041532950. 2005.

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Young. G. M. and Hancock. W. D. (Editors). ‘English Historical  Documents 1833-1874.’ X11. (1). Eyre and Spottiswoode. 1956.

Young. M. ‘The Rise of Meritocracy’ Penguin Books. 1963.

Youthaid. ‘Study of the Transition from School to Working Life.’ London. Youthaid. 1979.



Zimmern. A. ‘The Renaissance of Girls’ Education.’ A. D. Innes and Co. 1898.


Key to abbreviations:

AoC: Association of Colleges

AEB: Associated Examining Board

ASE: Association for Science Education

APTI: Association of Principals in Technical Institutions

ATI: Association of Technical Institutions

BACIE: British Association of Commercial and Industrial Education

BJES: British Journal of Education Studies

BoE: Board of Education

BYC: British Youth Council

CER:  Comparative Education Review

CPR: Central Policy Review

CPS: Centre for Policy Studies

CUP: Cambridge University Press

EC/EngC: Engineering Council

EIAGA: Engineering Industries Association Group Apprenticeships

EOC: Equal Opportunities Commission

FESC: Further Education Staff College

FEU: Further Education Unit

JBPVE: Joint Board for Pre-Vocational Education

JEW: Journal of Education and Work

JHoI: Journal of History of Ideas

JoE: Journal of Education

JoVET: Journal of Vocational Education and Training

JRSA: Journal of the Royal Society of Arts

JSA: Journal of Society of Arts

LSDA: Learning and Skills Development Agency

LSE: London School of Economics

MSC: Manpower Services Commission

NAPTSE: National Association for the Promotion of Technical and Secondary Education

NATFHE: National Association of Teachers in Further and Higher Education

NATTI: National Association of Teachers in Technical Institutions

NFER: National Association for Educational Research

NIAE: National Institute of Adult Education

NIESA: National Institute for Economic and Social Research

NUT: National Union of Teachers

OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OREP: Oxford Review of Economic Policy

OU: Open University

OUP: Oxford University Press

RKP: Routledge Kegan Paul

SoA: Society of Arts

SRHE: Society for Research into Higher Education

ULCI: Union of Lancashire and Cheshire Institutes

ULP: University of London Press

UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

UTP: University Tutorial Press

VAEd: Vocational Adult Education

VAoE: Vocational Aspects of Education

VAoSFE: Vocational Aspects of Secondary and Further Education

WMEU: Working Men’s Educational Union







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