Posts By: Richard

The Future of the Economy and the World of Work?

  A Personal View. Writing about the future is always a challenge especially when the topic is about the economy and work so inevitably this article will raise more questions than answers  – this is my attempt.  Many of the issues are complex and multidimensional but must be addressed by governments and society.  Both are… Read more »

Celebrating 160 Years of the Society of Arts (SA) and Royal Society of Arts (RSA) Examinations

  (First published in the Royal Society of Arts  William Shipley Group Bulletin 49 March 2016). Introduction: 2016 marks the 160th anniversary of the beginning of the Society examinations. A Short History: The history of examinations provides a fascinating insight into how the education system developed in Britain.  Various assessment methods had been introduced by… Read more »

Hands on Vocational Training

Posted 31 May 2016 by Richard & filed under Uncategorized. (I am very grateful to Charles Beamish for sending me this fascinating letter. Charles attended a Secondary Technical School (STS) (see biography on this site). Charles provides a great insight into the structure and curriculum of STSs. Little has been written about Secondary Technical Schools… Read more »

Definitions of “Technical Education” and “Industrial Workers”.

 (An interesting definition of technical education given in the Technical Instruction Act 1889). “The expression ‘technical education’ shall mean instruction in the principles of science and art applicable to industries, and in the application of special branches of science and art to specific industries or employments. It shall not include teaching the practice of any… Read more »

A Perspective on the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a significant characteristic of life in Britain during the 18th century. Major rapid changes occurred across many areas e.g. machine-labour in factories took the place of hand-labour in people’s homes and large-scale agriculture based on scientific principles replaced the medieval system of tillage on small plots of land. This Revolution was… Read more »

Richard Trevithick (1771-1833).

Richard Trevithick, (image shown opposite), deserves a place alongside the other pioneers of steam engine developments like Thomas Newcomen and James Watt. He is credited with inventing the first high-pressured steam engine and the first operational steam locomotive (1803). He was born in Carn Brea in Cornwall which was at the centre of the then thriving… Read more »

Eleanor Marx (1855-1898)

Eleanor Marx was a remarkable individual who contributed to a number of causes and influenced not only her own generation but later ones. She was the youngest daughter of Karl Marx, born in London on 16th January 1855. By the time Eleanor was sixteen she acted as her father’s secretary, accompanying him to international conferences… Read more »

The Factory Acts

  The period of the Industrial Revolution witnessed unprecedented changes and transitions in society. Massive numbers of people moved from the country to the emerging industrial cities and towns. People who previously worked on the land or in cottage industries (e.g. hand spinning and weaving) became workers in factories undertaking largely non-skilled manual jobs. The… Read more »